MBBS vs. BDS vs. BAMS vs. BHMS
MBBS (Bachelor of Surgery, Bachelor of Medicine) is the predominant medical undergraduate course in India. It is the route to become a doctor of modern medicine in the country.
To get admission into an MBBS institute, you will need to appear for the national-level Examination, NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test). This exam covers most of the medical institutes in India. However, there are a few other specific entrance exams, such as AIIMS and JIPMER.
MBBS is a 5.5-year degree (4.5 years’ academic education + 1-year mandatory internship). After course completion, students are supposed to participate in hands-on training in hospital wards and out-patient departments. This provides them with real-life experiences in practicing and performing clinical procedures integral to their further practice as a doctor.
Specialist Doctor, Physician, Surgeon, Medical Professor or Lecturer, Research Scientist, etc.
After completing your MBBS, you can either go for an MS (postgraduate degree in general surgery) or an MD (postgraduate degree in general medicine).
(Bachelor of Dental Surgery) the degree is one of the most popular and designated degree courses in dentistry in India. This course is one of the most sought-after courses in the medical field, only next to MBBS.
For BDS programs too, students need to appear in NEET. After clearing the entrance exam, seats are allotted in the counseling process, based on rank, filled choices and availability of seats.
The BDS is a 5-year degree program (4 years’ academic education + 1-year mandatory internship). This course can be pursued through full-time and part-time courses.
Dentist, Dental Surgeon, Endodontic, Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologist, Oral Surgeon, Orthodontic, Paedodontic, etc.
After completing your BDS, MDS (Master of Dental Surgery) is the only opportunity to pursue higher education in dentistry. You can also pursue an MBA in Public Health and an MBA in Hospital Management after BDS.
BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) is an integrated degree in the medical field and is specially designed to teach students the systems of the traditional Indian system of Ayurveda.
From 2018 onwards, all aspirants for BAMS need to clear the NEET examination.
The BAMS is awarded after the completion of 5 years and 6 months’ degree program. This period includes the 4 and a ½ year academic session and one-year internship program with live practical.
Therapist, Sales Representative, Pharmacist, Clinical Trial Coordinator, Medical Representative, Ayurvedic Doctor, Sales Executive, etc.
You can go for an MD or MS in Ayurveda after completing your BAMS. BAMS graduates can also pursue higher studies in many medical-related disciplines. A few options include Master’s in Public Health, Master’s in Health Administration, Post Graduate Diploma in Emergency Medicine and many other postgraduate courses.
BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) covers the various aspects of medical knowledge of the homeopathic system. After completing this degree, you become eligible to practice as a doctor in homeopathy.
To get a seat into BHMS, you will have to go through the NEET exam. The selection will be done based on the final merit as the sum of the total numbers obtained in the qualifying examination in the 12th and the number scored in the entrance examinations, followed by the personal interview.
The BHMS is awarded after the completion of 5.5 years’ academic program, containing the 4 and 1/2 year academic session and one-year internship program with live practical. This program can also be pursued through distance education.
Pharmacist, Doctor, Public Health Specialist, Medical Assistant, Lecturer, etc.
The most common option for higher studies after BHMS is MD in Homeopathy. Many graduates also opt for alternate courses in medicine, such as Master of Science in Regenerative Medicine, Master of Science in Psychiatry, Master of Science in Endocrinology, Master of Hospital Management, etc.